Identificación y análisis de los factores explicativos de la percepción de inseguridad en Colombia en 2016
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Palabras clave

Percepción de inseguridad, miedo al crimen, incivilidad, victimización, redes sociales, Colombia

Cómo citar

Buelvas Martinez, A. M. (2020). Identificación y análisis de los factores explicativos de la percepción de inseguridad en Colombia en 2016. Análisis Jurídico - Político, 2(3), 229 - 256. https://doi.org/10.22490/26655489.3831

Resumen

Los altos niveles de percepción de inseguridad o miedo al crimen pueden tener efectos negativos sobre el bienestar de las personas, como inducirlas a sensaciones de aislamiento o vulnerabilidad, a evadir moverse por ciertos lugares, aumentar la inversión privada en seguridad y fragmentar su sentido de comunidad. Además, los altos niveles de percepción de inseguridad pueden, a su vez, incrementar los niveles de criminalidad. En el caso de Colombia, la percepción de inseguridad es casi cuatro veces superior a la tasa de ciudadanos afectados por un delito. De allí que la presente investigación tenga como objetivo identificar los principales factores explicativos de la percepción de inseguridad en las ciudades de Colombia a través de un modelo de regresión múltiple basado en cinco teorías de percepción de inseguridad y la información de la Encuesta de Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana del 2016. Los principales resultados de la investigación muestran que las teorías de victimización, incivilidad y redes sociales son las que mejor explican la percepción de inseguridad en Colombia en el 2016.

https://doi.org/10.22490/26655489.3831
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Citas

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