Avances y perspectivas en Síndrome de Asperger

Autores/as

  • Ricardo Andrés Naranjo Flórez Universidad Nacional de Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.998

Palabras clave:

autismo, comorbilidad, neurodesarrollo, Síndrome de Asperger, trastorno pervasivo.

Resumen

El Síndrome de Asperger es un trastorno generalizado del desarrollo, fue descrito por Hans Asperger en 1944. Se caracteriza por una marcada alteración social, dificultades en la comunicación, déficit en la capacidad de juego y un rango de comportamiento e intereses repetitivos, sin un retardo significativo en el lenguaje, ni cognitivo. Considerando la importancia del tema actualmente, en este artículo se hace una revisión profunda sobre el tema que abarca aspectos como: características clínicas, alteraciones al examen físico, posibles alteraciones estructurales y funcionales. También se especifican los criterios del DSM-IV, del diagnóstico diferencial y finalmente, se puntualizan algunos aspectos relacionados con la genética y el tratamiento.

Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Andrés Naranjo Flórez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Médico Neuropediatra

Citas

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Publicado

2014-06-15

Cómo citar

Naranjo Flórez, R. A. (2014). Avances y perspectivas en Síndrome de Asperger. Nova, 12(21), 81–101. https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.998

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