El deterioro cognitivo como una complicación de la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2

Autores/as

  • Shadye Rocío Matar-Khalil Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia-UNAD
  • Fabio Camilo Rubio-Sandoval

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.5473

Palabras clave:

Cognición, diabetes mellitus, complicaciones de la diabetes

Resumen

Introducción: La Diabetes Mellitus es una enfermedad compleja que impacta la salud pública debido a su alta prevalencia, el costo que implica y complicaciones asociadas como lo es la alteración cognitiva. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión de tema consultando literatura nacional e internacional en bases de datos de ciencias sociales y ciencias de la salud entre los años 1990-2019 que exponen la posible asociación entre la diabetes mellitus y deterioro cognitivo, así como las posibles rutas que lo conllevan. Resultados: La literatura consultada plantea una relación entre la diabetes mellitus y complicaciones del sistema nervioso central, lesiones neurológicas, deficiencias en la capacidad de atención, pérdida de la memoria, deterioro cognitivo, un considerable incremento en el riesgo de desarrollar demencia y demencia tipo Alzheimer, sin embargo, no se evidencia un consenso en el grado de afectación que pueda tener sobre los procesos cognitivos. Conclusiones: La naturaleza progresiva tanto de la diabetes mellitus, así como el riesgo vascular asociado, sugieren la necesidad de realizar prevención del deterioro cognitivo en pacientes diagnosticados con diabetes mellitus, a partir de una evaluación integral que incluya pruebas neuropsicológicas dentro de los exámenes de rutina.

Biografía del autor/a

Shadye Rocío Matar-Khalil, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia-UNAD

Psicologa, PhD. en psicología con orientación en neurocienca cognitiva. Docente Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia-UNAD. Bogotá, Colombia

Fabio Camilo Rubio-Sandoval

Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM). Lienciado en biología, especialista en epidemiología. Tunja, Boyacá, Colombia

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2021-12-23

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Matar-Khalil, S. R. ., & Rubio-Sandoval , F. C. (2021). El deterioro cognitivo como una complicación de la Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2. Nova, 19(37), 25–41. https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.5473

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