Uso de rasgos funcionales de plantas como estimadores de carbono almacenado en biomasa aérea

Carmen Rosa Montes-Pulido

Resumen


Los métodos utilizados para estimar carbono en ecosistemas tropicales se han fundamentado en el conocimiento de la biomasa aérea seca de los árboles. Ello implica altos costos de extracción y un impacto negativo sobre el ecosistema estudiado. Una posible alternativa a este método es el uso de rasgos funcionales de plantas. En esta investigación se realiza una revisión de publicaciones adelantadas en la aplicación de diversidad funcional a la estimación de carbono almacenado en bosques. Inicialmente se presenta un marco teórico sobre rasgos funcionales, seguido de un análisis sobre cuáles de ellos están asociados con la estimación de carbono. Se identifican los índices de diversidad empleados en los estudios y se concluye planteando estudios futuros relacionados con diversidad funcional y carbono almacenado en bosques.


Palabras clave


ecosistemas tropicales, carbono almacenado en bosques, rasgos funcionales de las plantas.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22490/21456453.1339

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