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An environmental noise study in the industrial, commercial, residential areas and arterial roads in western Bogotá, Colombia

Área Ambiental
Marco Andrés Guevara Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia
Fredy Alejandro Guevara Universidad Nacional Sede Bogotá

Noise pollution as byproduct of development and urban activity is related with a great amount of
economic, social and cultural variables, whose importance as stressing, and possible even dangerous,
agent in human life has come to be recognized in the last decades. In this case the city of Bogotá is a
capital city of Colombia, located in the center of the country. Is the largest city in Colombia and has a
surface extension area of 1,580 km2. Bogotá is a very variable city in terms of economic and social level
location, and use of soils in the city planning. The factors mentioned above makes Bogotá a very complex
analysis system for sound and noise pollution studies. Due the size of the city, in this study the western
area of the capital district is analyzed through a sound measurements in 7 different selected types of
areas, involving commercial, transportation, industrial, residential and arterial roads. This study allowed
to identify the arterial roads as one important source of noise in the city, possibly mainly due to the traffic
o heavy vehicles inside the city. The max harmful levels of sound reach values of about 85 dB in the
mentioned locations (Av. Ciudad de Cali, Av. Cll 13 arterial roads and Salitre – El Greco Transmilenio