SARS-CoV-2: generalidades bioquímicas y métodos de diagnóstico
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Palabras clave

SARS-CoV-2
COVID-19
Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus
Coronavirus
Transmisión
Diagnóstico

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Peña López, B. O., Rincón Orozco, B., & Castillo León, J. J. (2020). SARS-CoV-2: generalidades bioquímicas y métodos de diagnóstico. Nova, 18(35), 11 - 33. https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.4183

Resumen

El 31 de diciembre de 2019 la comisión municipal de salud de Wuhan (provincia de Hubei, China) informa sobre un inusitado brote de casos de neumonía en la ciudad. Posteriormente se determina que se trata de un nuevo coronavirus designado inicialmente como 2019-nCoV y posteriormente, SARS-CoV-2. El SARS-CoV-2 infecta y se replica en los neumocitos y macrófagos del sistema respiratorio específicamente en el parénquima pulmonar en donde reside el receptor celular ACE-2. Esta revisión describe aspectos relacionados con la transmisión, prevención, generalidades bioquímicas del SARS-CoV-2 y métodos diagnósticos del COVID-19. Inicialmente se describe la forma de transmisión del virus y algunas recomendaciones generales para su prevención. Posteriormente, se hace una descripción detallada de los aspectos bioquímicos del SARS-CoV-2, su ciclo infeccioso y la estructura de la proteína S, la cual está involucrada con el proceso de ingreso del virus a la célula. Finalmente, se describen los métodos y pruebas de laboratorio para el diagnóstico del COVID-19.

https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.4183
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