Metabolómica y Pesticidas: Revisión sistemática de literatura usando teoría de grafos para el análisis de referencias

Martha Zuluaga, Sebastian Robledo, German A. Osorio Zuluaga, Laura Yathe, Diana Gonzalez, Gonzalo Taborda

Resumen


La revisión sistemática de literatura presentada a continuación tiene como objetivo dar a conocer el rol que han tenido la metabolómica en el estudio de la exposición a plaguicidas. La búsqueda se llevó a cabo en la base de datos Thomson Reuters Web of Science (ISI Web of Knowledge). Posteriormente, se des­cargaron todos los registros producto de resultado de la búsqueda y cada citación dentro de cada artículo. Estas referencias fueron analizadas mediante la teoría de grafos con el fin de identificar los artículos más relevantes, los artículos clásicos y recientes y los que presentan mayor intermediación en el tema de inves­tigación. La red de citaciones fue construida con inicialmente con 4423 nodos (artículos) y 4978 enlaces (citaciones) a los cuales se les determinó los indicadores de grado de entrada, grado de salida y centralidad en el grafo. Posteriormente, esta red de citaciones fue procesada eliminando los artículos desconectados, reduciendo la red a 415 nodos y 974 enlaces. De esta red ya procesada se extrajeron 80 artículos que presentaron mayores indicadores de grado y centralidad. Finalmente, esta metodología permitió la iden­tificación de diferentes perspectivas de los estudios metabolómicos y metabonómicos en la exposición a plaguicidas que incluyen estudios de modo de acción, mecanismos de acción, monitoreo biológico y toxicológico, metabolómica ambiental, metabolismo, dosis respuesta e identificación de biomarcadores.


Palabras clave


Metabolómica, metabonómica, pesticidas.

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.1735

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