Alternativas de control biorracionales sobre Phytophthora infestans, fitopatógeno causante de la gota en papa

Autores/as

  • Jessica Johanna Cruz Trujillo Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca
  • Valentina Hernández Gutiérrez Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca
  • Ligia Consuelo Sánchez Leal Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca
  • Luz Stella Fuentes Quintero Universidad de Bogotá, Jorge Tadeo Lozano.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.5287

Palabras clave:

Phytophthora infestans, control biológico, papa, aceites esenciales, antagonista

Resumen

La gota de la papa o tizón tardío es una de las enfermedades más agresivas que atacan los cultivos de papa y en poco tiempo los destruye, ocasionando enormes pérdidas económicas, es producida por el fitopatógeno Phytophthora infestans, oomyceto que ha tomado gran importancia debido a sus efectos devastadores y las dificultades para lograr su erradicación. Los fungicidas de naturaleza química representan un problema debido al uso inadecuado, lo que hace muy difícil eliminar la enfermedad por la aparición de nuevas especies resistentes. Existen nuevas alternativas para su control, basadas en el uso de sustancias de naturaleza vegetal, y la aplicación de nuevas herramientas capaces de realizar edición de genes, reprogramar o eliminar secuencias de ADN/ARN, favoreciendo así, la obtención de cultivos libres de sustancias tóxicas. En esta revisión, se presentan los métodos existentes de biocontrol: como aceites esenciales, metabolitos microbianos, herramientas moleculares y el uso de sustancias biodegradables que favorecen el manejo y prevención de plagas, que ayudan a mitigar la problemática ambiental generada por el
uso de fungicidas de naturaleza química.

Biografía del autor/a

Jessica Johanna Cruz Trujillo, Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

Estudiante. Programa de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

 

Valentina Hernández Gutiérrez, Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

Estudiante. Programa de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

Ligia Consuelo Sánchez Leal, Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

Profesora de Planta, Programa de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca

Luz Stella Fuentes Quintero, Universidad de Bogotá, Jorge Tadeo Lozano.

Profesora Asociada. Universidad de Bogotá, Jorge Tadeo Lozano.

Citas

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2021-09-20

Cómo citar

Cruz Trujillo, J. J. ., Hernández Gutiérrez, V. ., Sánchez Leal, L. C. ., & Fuentes Quintero, L. S. (2021). Alternativas de control biorracionales sobre Phytophthora infestans, fitopatógeno causante de la gota en papa. Nova, 19(36), 31–48. https://doi.org/10.22490/24629448.5287

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